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China Policy Institute: Analysis

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International Relations

The Overseas NGO Law and its Effects on Chinese NGOs’ Contribution to Global Development

Written by Jennifer Y.J. Hsu and Reza Hasmath.

China’s Overseas NGO Law came into effect on 1 January 2017. At last count, 20 overseas NGOs received registration status in Beijing plus a handful in other major Chinese cities. Although it may be early to make assessments of the law on overseas NGOs operating in China and more directly on Chinese NGO sector, we seek to extrapolate further in this article by considering the effects of such political environment on the role of Chinese NGOs making a global impact. Given that the law has generated concern amongst practitioners and observers both within and outside of China where the law is seen as an indication of space tightening for civil society stakeholders, it leads us to ask the question: Can Chinese NGOs contribute to international development and global civil society given the tight political environment that governs NGOs in China? This is a particularly opportune time to examine such a question, as governments around the world from seemingly democratic countries, such as India, and new democracies, such as Hungary, to the increasingly autocratic Russia, are curtailing the space for civil society actors, including NGOs; and, with the US under Trump seeking to retreat to a more isolationist stance, there are questions as to whether China will step up to be the next global leader. The use of NGOs as a form of a nation’s soft power, conducting development projects and giving aid, to sway and influence others is one that is not new and is widely used by traditional donors like the US and UK. Using NGOs thus presents a possible strategy for the Chinese to increase its global influence. However, given the domestic environment we question whether the political constraints will permit Chinese NGOs, and thus China to step into the foreground as a leader in global development and advocate for the liberal values that are associated with global civil society. Continue reading “The Overseas NGO Law and its Effects on Chinese NGOs’ Contribution to Global Development”

China, South Korea, the U.S. and THAAD

Written by Stephan Haggard.

It is hard to know which country would be the first to challenge the Trump administration with a serious foreign policy crisis, but North Korea was clearly a candidate. With Kim Jong Un’s personal promise to test when he felt like it in his New Year’s speech and Trump’s “not going to happen,” it seemed like a good bet that Pyongyang would provide an early test. But as Secretary of Defense Mattis heads to the Asia-Pacific to reassure Japan and Korea on the alliances, the real test may be more subtle: subtle Chinese pressure on South Korea to reverse its commitment to deploy a missile-defense system called THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Areas Defense). Continue reading “China, South Korea, the U.S. and THAAD”

U.S. Government Commission Strategic Policy Analysis

Written by Bert Chapman.

Bilateral relations between China and the U.S. encompass multiple issues including human rights, space power, trade relations, currency manipulation, cyber power, China’s increasing military assertiveness in the East and South China Seas, Beijing’s desire to implement this assertiveness through international legal forums and its economic assistance to other countries, and its desire to get other countries to submit to its desire to restrict international support for Taiwan. Continue reading “U.S. Government Commission Strategic Policy Analysis”

‘All-Weather Friendship’: COP22 and Its Effect on Sino-African Relations

Written by Niall Duggan and Obert Hodzi.

Statements made by leaders of China and the United States between 2014 and 2016 outlined the two countries’ joint actions and leadership to deal with the challenges of climate change. On eve of the G20 summit in Hangzhou in September 2016, President Obama finally announced an agreement by the US and China to ratify the Paris Agreement – but, the ‘honeymoon’ was short-lived. Continue reading “‘All-Weather Friendship’: COP22 and Its Effect on Sino-African Relations”

Brazil and China: What kind of agri-food partnership?

Written by John Wilkinson.

Since 2009, China has been Brazil´s leading trade partner both for exports (18.6%) and for imports (17.9%). Its agribusiness sector makes up some 50% of the value of these exports. For China, however, Brazil accounts for only 3% of its imports and 1.5% of its exports. In the 1970s when trade relations resumed, it was Brazil that exported manufacturing products to China in exchange for commodities. These roles have progressively reversed and Brazil now receives both cheap consumer products and machinery, equipment and electronic goods in return for its export of minerals and agricultural commodities. Continue reading “Brazil and China: What kind of agri-food partnership?”

What now for the Rebalance?

Written by Ali Wyne.

As U.S. President Barack Obama approaches the end of his time in office, a convergence of developments is challenging his principal foreign-policy initiative, the effort to rebalance America’s strategic equities towards the Asia-Pacific. Continue reading “What now for the Rebalance?”

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